Embracing the Future: Integrating Artificial Intelligence into the Legislative Process

Strategic Partners



Artificial intelligence (AI) has emerged as a transformative force across various social and economic sectors, offering potential solutions to complex problems. The legislative sector, despite being one of the oldest institutions, is not immune to this digital revolution. It stands to benefit from AI’s capabilities to enhance its operations and service delivery. This essay explores the concept of applying AI within the legislative process, the level of digital maturity required, and the preparatory steps before implementation.


The Relevance of AI in Legislative Processes


AI has been perceived as a viable solution to complex problems across many sectors. Within the legislative process, AI offers unique potential for improving efficiencies and quality of service. This is because legislative tasks, such as law analysis, drafting legislation, technical studies, and tracking of public contributions, often involve high levels of complexity. Such tasks require a large volume of data and sophisticated analyses, which may be beyond human capacity or efficiency. AI provides a unique solution for these tasks as it is capable of processing massive data sets and conducting complex analyses in a shorter time than humans.


However, the decision to incorporate AI into the legislative process is not isolated. It should be embedded in a broader strategic objective. AI can be considered an enabler that helps fulfill these broader goals by enhancing capacity and efficiency.


Digital Maturity and Data Management


Before considering AI implementation, parliaments must evaluate their level of digital maturity and data management capabilities. The use of AI demands a large volume of quality data to function optimally. Therefore, the parliament must have adequate data governance mechanisms to guarantee the reliability of the data used and the services provided.


Furthermore, the management of the entire data lifecycle, from collection to disposal, needs to be in place. This necessitates the establishment of a relationship between all actors that decide on how data should be managed and used. The data governance process, therefore, becomes critical in ensuring that the adoption of AI is both effective and ethical.


Moreover, the parliament needs a skilled IT team that can understand the functioning of the AI algorithms, manage data governance, and oversee the ethical use of AI.


Choosing an AI Implementation Strategy


The decision to develop AI solutions in-house or purchase services from an external provider depends on the parliament’s resources and skills. Purchasing AI services might be a good option considering the steep learning curve associated with AI. However, it is crucial to ensure that all requirements, especially data privacy and security, are adequately addressed in the contracts with external providers.


Alternatively, parliaments can consider establishing partnerships with universities to develop the algorithms. Such partnerships could be advantageous as they would enable knowledge transfer, strengthening the parliament’s internal capacity to manage and govern AI use.


Institutional and Digital Strategy


Before the application of AI in legislative processes, parliaments must have an institutional and digital strategy in place. These strategies provide a roadmap for how the institution will evolve and adopt digital technologies, including AI.


Technologies around AI are, by definition, disruptive. Therefore, even parliaments with limited digital maturity can leverage AI to advance their institution, given that they have a well-thought-out strategy. The boundaries are relatively blurred, and AI adoption is not necessarily a linear progression that requires a specific level of digital maturity.


Areas of AI Application


The areas of AI application within the legislative process depend on each parliament’s needs and priorities. However, some potential areas include legislation drafting and analysis, tracking public contributions, conducting technical studies, and managing internal processes. To make the most of AI, legislatures need to identify their key areas of focus and then align AI capabilities to these areas.




The application of AI within the legislative process presents enormous potential for increasing efficiency and quality of service. However, this journey requires strategic planning, investment in data governance and management, as well as capacity building. Parliaments need to develop both institutional and digital strategies to guide the adoption and use of AI. The potential rewards from integrating AI into legislative processes are enormous, opening doors to a more efficient, transparent, and responsive legislative process. Despite the complexities and challenges, the integration of AI into the legislative sector is not just a possibility; it is an impending reality that requires urgent attention and strategic action.

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