An In-depth Analysis of the Digital Transformation in the South Korean National Assembly

About National Assembly of Korea

Strategic Partners

Published on May, 2023

  1. Introduction

In a world increasingly driven by technological innovation, the Republic of Korea has emerged as a prime example of the integration of technology into the public sphere. A quintessential embodiment of this integration is the digitalisation of the National Assembly Plenary Chamber, a first-of-its-kind initiative that places Korea at the forefront of technological prowess in the political landscape. This transformation offers a unique fusion of traditional parliamentary procedures and state-of-the-art technology, underpinning the evolution of a novel concept – electronic democracy or e-democracy. This comprehensive overhaul of the legislative process underscores a critical paradigm shift towards more efficient, transparent, and inclusive political proceedings.

  1. The Mechanism of the Digitalised Plenary Chamber

At the heart of the digitalised National Assembly Plenary Chamber are several key technological features that provide the framework for this revolutionary approach to political discourse. The first is a high-definition electronic board that functions as a medium for live information transmission, streaming video, and image data display. This allows parliamentarians to delve into the minutiae of the issues at hand, thus encouraging more in-depth discussions.


Another key component is the deployment of individual computers equipped with Thin Client design terminals for each parliamentarian. This ensures that they have immediate access to all the necessary information for parliamentary activities. The terminals offer various functionalities, including electronic voting, internet access, personal data archive, and numerous other features.


Lastly, an electronic distribution system has been established, enabling online submission and transfer of agenda in the Plenary and to the government. This implementation greatly enhances administrative efficiency while also reducing operational costs.


III. Enhancing the Decision-making Process


The digitalised chamber facilitates an improved decision-making process by ensuring quick access to critical data and enhancing inter-parliamentarian communication. This digital infrastructure serves as a catalyst for swift dissemination of information, crucial for dynamic legislative processes. Real-time access to crucial data enables parliamentarians to be informed promptly, thus enriching discussions and decision-making procedures. The digitised chamber, with its ability to cater to the dynamic nature of legislative procedures, also supports the facilitation of various parliamentary activities, from deliberation to electronic voting.

  1. Transparency and Public Participation

The digital transformation of the chamber is a testament to Korea’s commitment to establishing a transparent and open democracy. A real-time bill-tracking system, accessible to the public, ensures transparency by allowing citizens to monitor the progress of legislative processes. Additionally, the electronic voting system, paired with the public database of voting results, fosters an environment of accountability and openness.


This comprehensive digital approach broadens the horizon of public participation in the legislative process. By providing real-time broadcasts and a public reference database, the public is empowered to actively engage with the political landscape, reinforcing the National Assembly’s role as a venue for public opinion and the representative decision-making body of the people.

  1. Realising E-Democracy

The digitalised chamber symbolises more than just a technological transformation – it signifies the birth of e-democracy in Korea. Real-time broadcasts and a publicly accessible database of election results contribute to a sense of political inclusivity, extending the reach of the National Assembly to the public. The capacity to follow legislative proceedings and access all election results allows the public to engage directly with their representatives, fostering an environment of open and transparent digital democracy.

  1. Future Prospects and Applications

Beyond its domestic applications, the digitalised chamber lays the groundwork for a new era of ubiquitous politics. By modelling how technology can revolutionise traditional legislative procedures, the chamber offers a blueprint for potential applications in a wider context. This could range from inter-parliamentary conferences to United Nations international conferences and various other global conventions.


The Korean National Assembly’s commitment to continued digitalisation is further evident in its plans for Digitalised Standing Committee Meetings. These meetings aim to amplify public participation, streamline public service and access, and exemplify a commitment to transforming democratic functioning in the digital age.


VII. Conclusion


The digital transformation of the Korean National Assembly Plenary Chamber sets a new standard for the incorporation of advanced technology within political systems. This innovative approach enhances decision-making efficiency, fortifies transparency, and fosters a greater level of public participation. As the Republic of Korea continues to pioneer the integration of technology into its political system, it is clear that this commitment is key to driving a new era of progressive, participative, and transparent democratic governance. The digitalisation of the National Assembly is not merely a reflection of Korea’s IT prowess, but an emblem of its future-oriented perspective towards governance in the digital age.

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